These regulations will be set in the Energy Act 2013, as amended by the Nuclear Safeguards Act 2018. The regulations define the British nuclear security control regime in the context of civilian activities (not in the field of defence). These regulations are in effect in the 7 June 2018 international agreement between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the International Atomic Energy Agency (“the Agency”) on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons (“IAEA Agreement”). The IAEA agreement is complemented by an additional protocol of the same date between the Uk and the Agency, which obliges the Uk to provide additional information to the Agency and sets additional requirements for agency access. The UK has passed a nuclear safeguards law and signed a safeguard agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to prepare for withdrawal from the European Union in March 2019. The agreements are based on the basic structure of the comprehensive/comprehensive standard agreement for non-nuclear arms states, but are based on fundamentally different security obligations. It acknowledges that the NWS continues to carry out nuclear activities outside the scope of the IAEA safeguards and therefore limits the activities of the IAEA to activities identified by the NWS concerned. On 12 November 2018, the UK Government presented to Parliament the new agreement on the application of safeguards in relation to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, commonly referred to as the Voluntary Offer Agreement (VOLA) and signed by the United Kingdom and the IAEA on 7 June 2018. This agreement aims to replace the current trilateral VOA with the IAEA and Euratom (INFCIRC/263 and the additional INFCIRC/263/Add.1). Regulations 44 to 49 provide for the transmission of information to the Secretary of State on non-nuclear equipment, equipment and technologies, to which a specific international agreement applies (with the United States, Japan, Australia and Canada). Regulation 45 sets out the requirements for a qualified nuclear facility operator or any other person to inform the Secretary of State of the receipt, manufacture or transmission of the affected objects. Regulation 46 sets the duration of the notification and Regulation 47 requires an operator to inform the Secretary of State of any relevant changes.
Regulation 48 defines the circumstances under which Regulations 45 to 47 no longer apply and Regulation 49 contains interpretive provisions for Part 13. When an operator submits an initial inventory, inventory review report, material balance report, inventory list or notification of proposed imports and exports, Regulation 19 stipulates that, for each commitment, the operator must separately identify all qualified nuclear materials subject to such an obligation in a relevant international agreement or obligation arising from international trade.